Frequently asked dog food questions on what are
best dog food ingredients, alternative protein sources, dog nutrition,
and dog food quality - Answered by the owner of Black Gold Dog Food
How does premium grade dog
food differ from economy feed? What makes a premium feed premium?
Typically, premium grade dog foods use higher-grade ingredients.
Higher-grade ingredients mean higher ratings in protein, fat & other
nutrients plus a lower ash (ash is inert or unnecessary ingredients).
Ingredients in premium food cost more but dogs get more nutrition from them.
Therefore, a dog will perform better, look better, and maintain his
condition easier on less food.
How does the higher cost per pound
of premium food turn into money saved in the long run...?
per pound foods usually mean more food is required to achieve the same
results. When food is not digested, it ends up on the ground.
feeding a premium food increase endurance, speed recovery, aid in healing
from injuries, etc...?
He will typically maintain his weight and muscle
better. Just like a human, if the dog receives a good balanced diet, he will
have better endurance, leaner muscle mass and perform better. Like an
athlete. Most high quality foods utilize chelated minerals. These do a
better job of building blood, which equates to faster recovery from fatigue
and quicker healing of any field injuries.
How does the
digestibility of dog food help keep working dogs healthy...?
more nutrient from what they consume. A pound of sawdust is not as
nutritional as a pound of steak. If a food is 70% digestible, 30% of what he
eats goes out as waste. A 90% digestible diet can either achieve the same
results on less food or generate less waste. Example: An $18 bag of dog food
may generate half as much nutrient as found in a $30 bag of dog food. You
will spend $36 (2 x $18) to get the same result with the lower quality lower
Dog foods often show the protein to fat ratio,
what does that mean and how is that important...?
Different formulas are
designed for different reasons. For example, higher protein is necessary for
dogs in a cold environment whereas lower protein is better for the hot
months. In addition, smaller breeds need higher protein than larger breeds
because they have a higher metabolism. Contrary to common belief, fat, not
protein is converted into energy. Protein is essential for growth,
reproduction, and maintenance. As in humans, the higher the intake of fat,
the more exercise is needed to burn it off. Therefore, a couch potato pet
needs lower fat than a hunting dog.
How should a dog owner
determine the best ratio feed or best feed to use...?
Experience. If your
dog typically loses weight during an active season, he needs either a higher
quality food or a higher fat food. If the temperature is below freezing, he
may also need a higher protein ration. As well as conditioning, this also
applies to performance. A high quality food generally improves speed,
stamina, appearance, and longevity. If your dog experiences any of these
performance problems, it is possible the he has a health problem (worms for
example), you are using a lower quality product, or you are using the wrong
protein/fat ratio for the performance desired. In addition, if you are
seeing excessive stools in the kennel, it is possible you are using a lower
quality food or you are overfeeding.
So why does Black Gold
Still use meal...isn't that bad?
Fresh meat listed as the first
ingredient is a pretty good sales pitch. However, consider this, fresh meat
(chicken, lamb, or beef) contains up to 70% water, and meal (chicken, lamb,
or beef) is simply fresh meat with the moisture already removed.
equivalent weight of “meal” is always more nutrient dense than “fresh.” For
example, if a 1-ton batch of a chicken first product has 600 lbs. of fresh
chicken, this drops to approx. 180 pounds or 9% after cooking. In reality,
this will make the first ingredient fall down the list behind the second,
third and possibly the fourth ingredient. This is also the reason these
secondary protein sources are necessary so that the minimum protein
guarantee will be met. If the same formula consisted of the same amount of
meal, it would still contain 600 lbs. of meat protein or 30% of the total
product after processing, thereby maintaining its number one position, and
eliminating the need for additional protein sources.
By FDA and AAFCO
guidelines, ingredients are required to be listed on a pet food label in
order of pre-cooked weight. Almost always, when a fresh meat is listed
first, it will be followed by additional protein sources to make up the
difference when moisture and weight is lost during the cooking process.
Don’t be misled by fresh meat at the top of the ingredient deck. Look a
little further down the list to see what’s really in there.
this bag a lighter kibble color than the one I bought before...?
Gold doesn’t use any artificial coloring in their dog food, so the color
varies at times due to the